The most important provision of the Economic Opportunity Act was the requirement that Community Action Programs be developed, conducted, and administered with the maximum participation of the residents of the area. The Community Action Agencies (CAA's) were established the following year.
Since that time, the Montgomery County CAA and its Board have been charged with the organization of low-income communities, the development of leaders within low-income communities, and the development of systems to increase their self-sufficiency, self-esteem and gain more control over their own lives.
- Head Start – the CAA oversees the County’s Head Start Program, which currently serves 648 three and four-year-olds in the County
- Partner agencies – the CAA provides oversight and monitoring of 25 County contracts with local non-profit organizations that provide direct services in several areas, including job training, legal services, clothing and food, and education
- The Takoma East Silver Spring (TESS) Center – the CAA oversees and staffs the TESS Center, which provides information and referrals, free legal services, interpretation and translation, and many other services for the County’s diverse, low-income community
- Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) – the CAA staffs and manages this free, year-round tax preparation services for low-income residents, which operates at several locations throughout the County